Albatros L 76 "Aeolus"
Type 2-seat reconnaissance and trainer
Engine 1 BMW VI
Dimensions Length 8,55 m, height 3,74 m, span 12,76 m, wing area 27,8 m2
Weights Empty 1615 kg, normal flying weight 2440 kg
Performance Max. speed 235 km/h, cruising speed 210 km/h
Armament 1 7,92 mm MG in front, 1 7,92 mm MG in the rear cockpit
Type Werk.Nr Registration History
a 10101 D-1127 DVL, RDL Erprobungsstelle Staaken. Used at the test center Lipetsk. Scrapped June 1930
  10115 D-1113 DVS , destroyed June 1932
a 10104 D-1128 DVL, Erprobungsstelle Rechlin, RDL Erprobungsstelle Staaken, DVS. Withdrawn from service Oct. 1931
a 10107 D-1130 DVL, RDL Erprobungsstelle Staaken, DVS. Withdrawn from service Oct. 1931
  10110 D-1209 DLH, DVL RDL Erprobungsstelle Staaken. Cancelled Febr. 1931
  10111 D-1210 DLH, DVL  Crashed June 1929
  10113 D-1283 DVL, RDL Erprobungsstelle Staaken  Destroyed Dec 1933
  10112 D-1288 DVL
  10116 D-1289 DVS
    D-2724  
The Albatros L 76 Aeolus was a military reconnaissance aircraft built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke in 1927. The plane had wooden dual-spar wings with plywood skins supported by N-type struts and a fabric-covered fuselage made of welded steel tubing. The aircraft was used for testing, as well as the training of the Soviet Air Force. It was difficult to fly, and killed many people, including Emil Thuy, who crashed near Smolensk on June 11, 1930, and Paul Jeschonnek, who crashed near Berlin on June 13, 1929. As a result, it had to be improved, leading to the production of the Albatros L 77v, designed by Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke.
For the chemical warfare experiments the Lipetsk workshop fitted airplanes with so-called aviation spray tanks (VAP). Aircraft such as the Albatros L 76s capable of carrying relatively large payloads were chosen for this task.
The experiments began in 1926. I. S. Unshlikht reported the following to Stalin: "...The entire first part of the program is fulfilled. About 40 sorties accompanied by spraying the liquid from different altitudes were flown. A liquid with qualities analogous to those of mustard gas was used in the experiments. The experiments confirmed the full capability for aviation to employ toxic agents. Our specialists believe that, based on these experiments, it can be presumed that employment of mustard gas by aviation against enemy personnel and to contaminate the terrain and populated areas is entirely feasible from a technical point of view and is of great value." The experiments continued in 1927.